Adamo Lab

Invertebrate Behavioural Physiology

Selected Publications


Adamo SA (2020).  Animals have a Plan B:  How insects deal with the dual challenge of predators and           pathogens.  Journal of Comparative Physiology B. 190: 381-390

McMillan LE and Adamo SA. (in press)  Friend or foe?  Effects of host immune activation on the gut           microbiome in the caterpillar Manduca sexta.  Journal of Experimental Biology.

Miyashita A, Lee TYM, and Adamo SA. (in press) High stakes decision-making by female crickets (Gryllus           texensis): When to trade-in wing muscles for eggs. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology.


Adamo SA and McMillan LE (2019) Listening to your gut: Immune challenge to the gut sensitizes body wall           nociception in the caterpillar Manduca sexta. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 374:           20190278.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2019.0278

Adamo SA (2019) Insect nociceptive processing does not suggest an ability to perceive pain.  Canadian           Entomologist.

Miyashita A, Lee TYM, McMillan E, Easy R, and Adamo SA (2019) Immunity for nothing and the eggs for free:           Apparent lack of both physiological trade-offs and terminal reproductive investment in female crickets           (Gryllus texensis). PLoS ONE.  14 (5):  e0209957

Adamo SA (2019) Turning your victim into a collaborator:  Exploitation of insect behavioural control systems by           parasitic manipulators.  Current Opinion in Insect Science. 33: 25-29

Miyashita A and Adamo SA (2019) Stayin' Alive: Endocrinological stress responses in insects.  In: Advances in Invertebrate Endocrinology.  Ed. by S. Saleuddin, A. Lange, and I. Orchard.  Apple Academic Press: Toronto. http://www.appleacademicpress.com/advances-in-invertebrate-neuroendocrinology-2-volume-set-a-collection-of-reviews-in-the-post-genomic-era/9781771888097


McMillan LE, Miller DW and Adamo SA. (2018) Eating when ill is risky: Immune defense imparis food detoxification in the caterpillar Manduca sexta.  Journal of Experimental Biology.  221: jeb17336.

Adamo SA. (2018)  Sentience, the final frontier.... Animal Sentience. 16: 4


Adamo SA, Easy R, Kovalko I, MacDonald J, McKeen A, Swanburg T, Turnbull KF, and Reeve C. (2017) Predator stress-induced immunosuppression: trade-off, immune redistribution or immune reconfiguration? Journal of Experimental Biology. 220: 868-875. doi: 10.1242/jeb.153320

Adamo SA and McKee R (2017) Differential effects of predator cues versus activation of fight-or-flight behaviour on reproduction in the cricket Gryllus texensis.  Animal Behaviour.  134: 1-8.  doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.09.027

Adamo SA. (2017) The stress response and immune system share, borrow, and reconfigure their physiological network elements: evidence from the insects.  Hormones and Behavior. 88: 25-30. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.10.003

Adamo SA (2017) Stress responses sculpt the insect immune system, allowing for better defense in an ever- changing world.  Developmental and Comparative Immunology. 66: 24-32. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dci.2016.06.005


Adamo SA, Kovalko I, Turnbull K, Easy RH, Miles CI. (2016) The parasitic wasp Cotesia congregata uses multiple mechanisms to control host (Manduca sexta) behaviour.  Journal of Experimental Biology. 219: 3750-3758. doi: 10.1242/jeb.145300

Sullivan K, Fairn E, and Adamo SA (2016) Sickness behaviour in the cricket Gryllus texensis: Comparison with animals across phyla.  Behavioural Processes. 128: 134-143.  doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2016.05.004.

Adamo SA. (2016) Do insects feel pain? A question at the intersection of animal behaviour, philosophy and robotics.  Animal Behaviour. 118: 75-79.

Adamo SA, Davies G, Easy R, Kovalko I, Turnbull K (2016) Reconfiguration of the immune system network during food shortages in the caterpillar Manduca sexta. Journal of Experimental Biology. 219:706-718.  doi:10.1242/jeb.132936

Adamo SA (2016) Review of “This Is Your Brain on Parasites” by K. McAuliffe (2016), Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.  Science. 363 (6295): 128. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf9539.

Adamo SA (2016) Consciousness Explained – or Consciousness Redefined?  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States (PNAS), 113 (27):  www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1606942113.

Adamo SA (2016) Subjective experience in insects:  Definitions and other difficulties.  Animal Sentience. 2016.127.  http://animalstudiesrepository.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1153&context=animsent

Adamo SA (2016) Hypercompetition for academic positions promotes attrition of women in biology: Evidence from Canada. Animal Behavior Society Newsletter. 61 (1): Essay and Discussion Section. (http://www.animalbehaviorsociety.org/NEWSLETTERS/61-1/61-1_PDF.pdf)


Adamo SA, Gomez-Juliano A, LeDue E, Little SN, Sullivan K. (2015) Effects of immune challenge on aggressive behaviour:  how to fight two battles at once.  Animal Behaviour. 105:153-161. Feature article (July issue).


Stahlschmidt ZR, Acker M, Kovalko I and Adamo SA (2015) The double-edged sword of immune defense and damage control: do food availability and immune challenge alter the balance?  Functional Ecology. 29 (11): 1445-1452. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12454



Sneddon LU, Elwood RW, Adamo SA, and Leach MC (2014) Defining and assessing animal pain.  Animal Behaviour. 97: 201-212.

Adamo SA. (2014) Parasitic aphrodisiacs:  Manipulation of the hosts’ behavioral defenses by sexually transmitted parasites.  Integrative and Comparative Biology. 54: 159-165.

Stahlschmidt ZR and Adamo SA (2014) Food-limited mothers favor offspring quality over offspring number: a principal components approach.  Functional Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12287

Adamo SA, Kovalko I, Easy RH and Stotz D.  (2014) A viral aphrodisiac in the cricket Gryllus texensisJournal of Experimental Biology. 217: 1970-1976.

Adamo SA.  (2014) Stress hormone effects on immune function: adaptation or pathology? Integrative and Comparative Biology. doi: 10.1093/icb/icu005.

Stahlschmidt Z, O'Leary M and Adamo SA (2014) Food limitation leads to risky decision-making and to trade-offs with oviposition.  Behavioral Ecology. 25(1): 1-5.


Adamo SA, Kovalko I, Mosher B  (2013) The behavioural effects of predator-induced stress responses in the cricket (Gryllus texensis):  the upside of the stress response. Journal of Experimental Biology. 216: 4608-4614.

Stahlschmidt ZR and Adamo SA (2013) Warm and cozy: Temperature and predation risk interactively affect oviposition-site selection.  Animal Behaviour. 86: 553-558.

Stahlschmidt ZR and Adamo SA  (2013) Context dependency and generality of fever in insects.  Naturwissenschaften. 100: 691-696.

Stahlschmidt ZR, Rollinson N, Acker M and Adamo SA. (2013). Are all eggs created equal? Food availability and the fitness tradeoff between reproduction and immunity. Functional Ecology. 27 (3): 800-806. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12071

Adamo SA (2013) Parasites: Evolution’s neurobiologists. Journal of Experimental Biology.  216: 3-10.

Adamo SA (2013) Attrition of women in the biological sciences:  Workload, motherhood and other explanations revisited.  Biosciences. 63: 43-48.


Adamo SA, Baker JL, Lovett MEL, Wilson G (2012) Climate change and temperate zone insects:  the tyranny of thermodynamics meets the world of limited resources.  Environmental Entomology. 41: 1644-1652.

Adamo SA (2012) The effects of the stress response on immune function in invertebrates: An evolutionary perspective on an ancient connection. Hormones and Behavior. 62: 324-330

Huang J, Wu SF, Li XH, Adamo SA, Ye GY (2012) The insect stress neurohormone octopamine can both enhance and suppress cellular immune responses via a concentration-sensitive alpha-adrenergic-like receptor.   Brain, Behavior and Immunity. 26:942-950.

Adamo SA (2012) The strings of the puppet master: How parasites change host behaviour.  In:  Host Manipulation by Parasites.  Ed. by D. Hughes and F. Thomas.  Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 36-51.

Adamo SA (2012) Comparative Psychoneuroimmunology/Ecoimmunology:  Lessons from simpler model systems. In: The Oxford Handbook of Psychoneuroimmunology.   Ed. by S. Segerstrom.  Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 277-290.

Adamo SA (2012) The importance of physiology for ecoimmunology: Lessons from the insects. In: Ecoimmunology.   Ed. By G.E. Demas and R.J. Nelson.  Oxford University Press: Oxford, pp. 413-439.